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Academic Writing and Referencing Style: Referencing-Why

Why you must Reference your information sources

University study, writing &/or research requires the constant use of diverse and relevant information sources.

Such information sources will be these (and more);

textbooks reference books 
(printed & online)
journal articles 
(printed & online)
laws, regulations 
& Government Reports
web sites conference papers
patents & 

The type of information used might be;

    quotations ideas or concepts
    background &/or historical materials statistics
    definitions theories
    experimental data images, illustrations, or pictures
    equations, charts or graphs music (lyrics &/or musical phrases)


    All sources of information (of whatever type) used in or relied upon for Assignments, Essays, Tutorials, Seminars, Presentations, Lab Reports, Group Work, etc.,must be identified in full, and in a clear, accurate and consistent manner.

    This is known as REFERENCING (or Citing).


    When you identify all your sources of information you are acting with ACADEMIC INTEGRITY.

    Academic integrity is founded on the principles of;

    • respect for knowledge,
    • truthfulness,
    • scholarship and
    • honesty.

    The University of Newcastle values Academic Integrity very highly. The Student Academic Integrity Policy states:

      “Academic integrity, honesty, and a respect for knowledge, truth and ethical practices are fundamental to the business of the University. These principles are at the core of all academic endeavour in teaching, learning and research. Dishonest practices contravene academic values, compromise the integrity of research and devalue the quality of learning.”